GST Rates 2019 – New GST Rates Applicable From January-2019

New GST Rates

GST is the principal tax-related reform in the country bringing equality in the taxation structure and eliminating the cascading of taxes that were levied in the past. The GST Council meets from time to time to revise the GST rates for various products. Several states and industries recommend reduction in GST tax rate for various items which are discussed in these meetings.

Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said that the government wanted to keep the GST rates close to the original rates. But there were differences in case of some items because of the changes in the economy as well as customer preferences. Some commodities were kept in the high tax bracket (18-28%) but on scrutinize the list, they found that these commodities should be considered as necessities and not luxuries. This is why the GST rates were revised for commodities such as notebooks, exercise books, spectacles and lenses and some other items.

GST Tax Rates on some common items

TAX Rates

Products

5%

Household necessities such as edible oil, sugar, spices, tea, and coffee (except instant) are included. Coal, Mishti/Mithai (Indian Sweets) and Life-saving drugs are also covered under this GST slab

12%

This includes computers and processed food

18%

Hair oil, toothpaste and soaps, capital goods and industrial

intermediaries are covered in this slab

28%

Luxury items such as small cars, consumer durables like AC and Refrigerators, premium cars, cigarettes and aerated drinks, High-end motorcycles are included here.

GST Rates on Goods

The government has proposed a 4-tier tax structure for all goods and services under the slabs- 5%, 12%, 18% and 28%. After the recent revision of GST rates, these are the commodities that fall under the four tax slabs along with those that do not attract any tax. Please note that only those commodities are included in this list whose rates have been revised in various council meetings.

Let us have a look at various products and the tax slab in which they fall into :

List of Goods and Services under 0% GST Rate (No tax)

With the implementation of GST, there will be no tax for the following goods as well as services throughout India.

Goods:-

Unpacked foodgrains, fresh vegetables and fruits, unbranded atta, maida, besan, gur, milk, eggs, curd, lassi, unpacked paneer, unbranded natural honey, palmyra jaggery, all types of salt, fresh meat, fish, chicken, buttermilk, cereal grains hulled, Jute, flour, bread, prasad, bindi, sindoor, stamps, judicial papers, printed books, newspapers, bangles, handloom, Bones and horn cores, bone grist, bone meal, etc;, hoof meal, Kajal, Children’s’ picture, drawing or colouring books, Human hair.

Services:-

Under GST, all hotels and lodges in India with tariff below Rs.1,000 are exempted from paying taxes.

Rough precious and semi-precious stones will be taxed at 0.25% all over India.

gst-0percent-tax-rate

List of Goods and Services under 5% GST Rate:

Goods:-

Apparel below Rs 1000, footwear below Rs 500, Sugar, tea, roasted coffee beans, edible oils, cream, skimmed milk powder, fish fillet, branded paneer, frozen vegetables, coffee, spices, pizza bread, rusk, sabudana, kerosene, coal, medicines, stent, lifeboats, Cashew nut, Cashew nut in shell, Raisin, Ice and snow, Biogas, Insulin, Agarbatti, Kites, Postage or revenue stamps, stamp-postmarks, first-day covers.

Services:-

Transport services (Railways, air transport), small restaurants.

gst-5percent-tax-rate

List of Goods and Services under 12% GST Rate:

Goods:-

Cell phones, Apparel above Rs 1000, sewing machine, umbrella, Ayurvedic medicines, tooth powder, Butter, ghee, almonds, fruit juice, packed coconut water, preparations of vegetables, fruits, nuts or other parts of plants including pickle, murabba, chutney, jam, jelly, bhujia, namkeen, fruit juices, frozen meat products, dry fruits in packaged form, animal fat and sausage, cheese, colouring books, picture books, Ketchup & Sauces, All diagnostic kits and reagents, Exercise books and notebooks, Spoons, forks, ladles, skimmers, cake servers, fish knives, tongs, Spectacles, corrective, Playing cards, chess board, carom board and other board games like ludo.

Services:-

Non-AC hotels, business class air ticket, State-run lotteries, fertilisers, Work Contracts.

gst-12percent-tax-rate

List of Goods and Services under 18% GST Rate:

Goods:-

Footwear above Rs.500, camera, speakers and monitors, Headgear and parts thereof, Trademarks, goodwill, software, Bidi Patta, Biscuits – All categories, flavoured refined sugar, pasta, cornflakes, pastries and cakes, preserved vegetables, jams, sauces, soups, ice cream, instant food mixes, mineral water, tissues, envelopes, tampons, notebooks, steel products, printed circuits, Kajal pencil sticks, Aluminium foil, Weighing Machinery [other than electric or electronic weighing machine]. Printers [other than multifunction printers], Electrical Transformer, CCTV, Optical Fiber, Bamboo furniture, Swimming pools and paddling pools, Curry paste; mayonnaise and salad dressings; mixed condiments and mixed seasonings.

Services:-

AC hotels that serve liquor, telecom services, IT services, branded garments and financial services, Room tariffs between Rs. 2,500 and Rs. 7,500, Restaurants inside five-star hotels.

gst-18percent-tax-rate

List of Goods and Services under 28% GST Rate:

Goods:-

Automobiles, Motorcycles, ATM, washing machine, shavers, hair clippers, Bidis, chewing gum, molasses, chocolate not containing cocoa, waffles and wafers coated with chocolate, pan masala, aerated water, paint, deodorants, shaving creams, after shave, hair shampoo, dye, sunscreen, wallpaper, ceramic tiles, water heater, dishwasher, weighing machine, vending machines, vacuum cleaner, aircraft for personal use.

Services:-

Cinema, 5-star hotels, Private-run lotteries authorised by the states, hotels with room tariffs above Rs 7,500, race club betting.

gst-28percent-tax-rate

GST Rates on Services

The government has also impose GST on Services with the same 4-tier tax structure as of goods. GST rates on services comprising of 5%,  12%, 18% and 28% come with various pros and cons for the consumers. However, the government has exempted healthcare and educational services from the purview of the GST.

The Goods and Services Tax council has passed the rate slabs at NIL, 5%, 12%, 18%, 28%. Some of the services categorized under different slabs are mentioned below :

GST on Cars

Subsequent to bringing cars under the GST regime, the GST rate on cars has been fixed at 28% for all personal use vehicles featuring a petrol or diesel driven engine. However, in addition to GST, a composition cess is also applicable to cars over and above the GST Rate. Thus the overall tax rate applicable to vehicles under GST ranges from 29% to 50%. Lower rates of taxation are however applicable to cars driven by cleaner technologies such as fuel cells (including hydrogen fuel cell) and electric vehicles.

GST on Gold

Subsequent to the introduction of GST on items made from gold such as gold jewellery, the current GST rate on gold is 3%. However, a 5% GST rate is applicable to making charges applied to gold jewellery in case the manufacturing is outsourced to a job worker. This can, however, be charged as an input tax credit (ITC) by the jeweller and only a 3% GST charge is applied to the final bill paid by the purchaser of gold jewellery items.

GST On Real Estate

GST is applicable to real estate purchases only if you are purchasing an under construction property. The GST rate applicable to such transactions is 12%. No GST is applicable in case you are purchasing a ready to move in property. Additionally, different GST rates are applicable to various building materials used in the construction of houses/flats. This can range from 5% (sand, marble rubble, etc.) to 28% (cement, etc.).

GST on Food

Food items especially fresh food mostly carry a Nil GST rate. However, packaged foodstuff and semi-processed/processed foods do feature GST rates starting from 5% up to 18%. While no foodstuff are currently included in the highest 28% GST bracket, the 18% rate of GST is applicable to some common food products such as chocolates as well as baked goods such as cakes.

Upcoming products in GST Rates Slab

The Government is going on with some new tactics to bring in some of the products under the GST system. As hinted by Finance Minister, Arun Jaitley, there could be an inclusion of products under GST with the reduction of GST rates on some products.  Major products which can come under GST rates slab includes:

1) Petroleum products- Petrol and Diesel

2) Land

3) Electricity

4) Others

GST Rates Impact on the Economy

GST has transformed the economy at its peak. It’s a game-changing reform for the Indian economy as it brings about net appropriate price for the goods and services considered under a single taxation system. Mentioned below are some of the important GST rates impacts in the Indian economy :

Increase in Competition: After the GST has been imposed, there has been seen a fall in prices of goods and services which ultimately has brought the final consumer to have less tax burden on the goods and services. There is seen a great scope of increased production, thus, increase in competition.

Simple Tax Structure: GST has simplified the calculation of tax with the adoption of a single taxation system. Under this, multiple taxations have been aborted which ultimately saves time and money.

Uniform Tax Regime: Previously, there used to be multiple taxes at every stage of the supply chain, where the taxpayer got confused. But now, with GST, it is easier for the taxpayer to pay a uniform tax.

Increase in Exports: There has been seen a fall in the cost of production after the GST got imposed. This in return has brought competitiveness towards the international market resulting in rising in exports.

32nd GST Council Meeting – All updates and important decisions taken

32nd GST Council Meeting

The GST Council meeting was held on 10th January 2019 in New Delhi to bring some benefits to medium and small-scale enterprises (MSMEs) with regards to GST exemption and permitted 6 % composition scheme for the services sector.

Addressing a press conference after the 32nd GST Council meet, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley declared that the services sector will now be eligible for benefits under the composition scheme, which was only applicable to manufacturers and traders earlier.

In the meeting, GST council has broadly taken below mentioned decisions –

The limit for the suppliers of goods i.e. Rs. 40 lakhs and Rs. 20 lakhs for exemption from registration and payment of GST. States would be given an option to decide about one of the limits within a weeks’ time. However, the threshold for registration for service providers would continue to be Rs 20 lakhs and in the case of Special category States Rs 10 lakh.

A composition scheme will be made available for suppliers of services with a tax rate of 6% (3% CGST + 3% SGST) whose annual turnover in preceding financial year up to Rs 50 lakhs. The said scheme shall also be applicable to both service providers as well as suppliers of goods and services, who are not eligible for the presently available composition scheme for goods.

The limit of annual turnover in the preceding financial year for availing composition scheme for goods will be increased to Rs 1.5 crore. Special category States will have to decide within one week about the composition limit in their respective States.

Those who come under the composition scheme or want to avail it will have to pay tax on a quarterly basis as only one return has to be filed during a year.

Meanwhile, the Council is yet to take a call on the real estate sector. Jaitley said that a 7-member GoM has been constituted to discuss ways to tackle issues in the ailing sector.

GST Council also approved the levy of cess on the inter-State supply of goods and services within the State of Kerala at a rate not exceeding 1% for a period not exceeding 2 years.

Similarly, if any state faces a natural disaster may approach the GST Council to demand a similar solution.

When asked whether there will be further rationalization of GST slabs or tax rates, Jaitley said further rate cuts can be discussed only when there is a rise in revenue collection.

Taxpayers under composition scheme will now need to file one annual return but payment of taxes would remain quarterly (along with a simple declaration)

Following matters were referred by the Group of Ministers

  • Proposal for giving a composition scheme to boost the residential segment of the real estate sector.
  • GST rate structure on lotteries.

All the changes made by CGST (Amendment) Act,2018, IGST (Amendment) Act, 2018, UTGST (Amendment) Act, 2018 and GST (Compensation to States) Amendment Act, 2018 along with amendments in CGST Rules, Circulars and notifications issued earlier and the corresponding changes in SGST Acts would be alert w.e.f. 01.02.2019.

Everything you need to know about the recent amendments in the E-way Bill system 2018

e-way-bill

E-Way (Electronic way) bill is a document required to be carried by a person in charge of the conveyance carrying any goods of value for more than Rs. 50,000.  It was introduced earlier this year with an aim to make the interstate movement of goods smoother, swifter and easier. An E-Way bill is created via  GST common portal for E-Way bill system.

E-way Bill needs to be generated in relation to the following given transactions:

  • Movement of goods in relation to their supply for a consideration
  • Movement of goods for some reason apart from the supply of goods, e.g., sales returns or movement for repair of goods, free of cost supplies, etc.
  • Domestic acquisition of goods from an unregistered person.
  • Import of goods from outside India.

Pincode Based State Validation.

The user has to enter the input based on the Pin Code and the E-Way Bill system will auto-populates the state.  If the pin code has reference to multiple states then the taxpayers can select the suitable state by clicking.

Real-Time GST Rate Validation

Now, we have an error-free system which will auto validate tax rates entered by the user. Though it is not mandatory for the system user to feed tax rates if they do so then the system will cross check with standard rates which are fixed by the GST Council.

CGST (%) SGST (%) IGST (%) CESS-Advol (%) CESS-Non-Advol. (Rs.)
0 0 0 0 or 1 or 3 or 5 0
or 11 or 12 or
12.5 or 15 or 17
0.05 0.05 0.1 or 21 or 22 or 36 400
0.125 0.125 0.25 or 49 or 60 or 61 2076
1.5 1.5 3 or 65 or 71 or 72 2747
2.5 2.5 5 or 89 or 96 or 3668
6 6 12 142 or 160 or 4006
9 9 18 204 or 249 4170
14 14 28 400

Validation of Supply Type with Document Type

A consignee needs to carry proper documents of supply of goods for a stress-free transportation. The E-way Bill contains the fields to select document types and the taxpayer can enter the type of suppliers and buyers involved. In case the bill is being generated by consignees columns related to ‘From GSTIN (Supplier)’ and ‘To GSTIN (Buyer)’ validations will change accordingly.

Transaction Type Transaction Sub-Type Document Type From GSTIN (Supplier) To GSTIN

(Buyer)

Outward Supply Tax Invoice Self Other GSTIN/URP
Bill of Supply Self Other GSTIN/URP
Export Tax Invoice Self URP
Bill of Supply Self URP
Job Work Delivery Challan Self Other GSTIN/URP
SKD/CKD Tax Invoice Self Other GSTIN/URP
Bill of Supply Self Other GSTIN/URP
Delivery Challan Self Other GSTIN/URP
Recipient not Known Delivery Challan Self Self
Others Self Self
For Own Use Delivery Challan Self Self
Exhibition or Fairs Delivery Challan Self Self
Line Sales Delivery Challan Self Self
Others Delivery Challan Self Self/Other
Others Self Self/Other
Inward Supply Tax Invoice Other GSTIN/URP Self
Bill of Supply Other GSTIN/URP Self
Import Bill of Entry URP Self
SKD/CKD Bill of Entry URP Self
Tax Invoice Other GSTIN/URP Self
Bill of Supply Other GSTIN/URP Self
Delivery Challan Other GSTIN/URP Self
Job Work Return Delivery Challan Other GSTIN/URP Self
Sales Return Delivery Challan Other GSTIN/URP Self
Exhibition or fairs Delivery Challan Self Self
For Own Use Delivery Challan Self Self
Others Delivery Challan Self/Other Self
Others Self/Other Self

The movement to Transporter’s place

If a consignment has multiple legs supplier then he will need to input details of the first leg of movement only. Unlike the present practice, the supplier does not have to fill Part-B details. The consignment legality and movement for the remaining leg of the journey would be considered valid.

 Automatic Distance calculation between Consignor and consignee

Your E-way Bill will auto calculate the distance (in KMs) between source PIN code and destination PIN code. This process will make your data entry easier as it will auto-populated on the entry of source PIN code and destination PIN code.

One E–waybill for One Invoice Number

Your E-way Bill System will also check and alert you against multiple E-way Bill generations for a single invoice number. The consignor would be permitted to carry with the multiple e-way bills practice if and only if original invoice with the correct number is available and validated.

Bill To– Ship To’ Transactions

Now, E-way Bill System will auto capture details of Bill To – Ship To’ Transactions. These are those transactions where the invoice and the consignment are shipped to two different entities. The person who receives the invoice from the supplier then sales the product/consignment to a third party further gets it delivered from the supplier itself.

Category:

  • Regular OR Bill to –Ship To OR Bill From – Dispatch From OR Both
  • GSTIN and Name of Dispatching Party, if a category is ‘Bill From – Dispatch From’ or ‘Both’
  • GSTIN and Name of Shipping Party, if a category is ‘Bill to – Ship to’ or ‘Both’

Mandatory GSTR-1 data for users of API and Offline (Excel) tool

Post the upgrade, it will be compulsory for those who use API and other Offline tools to include information related to Form GSTR-1 with the E-way bill basic data to produce e-way bills.

Hence, we need to implement technology-based solutions to manage our compliance with E-way Bill to mandate our business. This will make everyone aware of the importance of putting such solutions in place for organizations and that doing so will significantly enhance the efficiency of our operations.  Our business needs to closely monitor new developments in the E-way Bill compliance process and quickly adapt to changing requirements.

Key outcomes of the 28th GST Council Meeting

Held on 21st July 2018, the all-powerful 28th GST Council Meeting was headed by the Hon’bleUnion Finance Minister Mr.PiyushGoyalwith an agenda:

  • To review the rates on the basis of representation made by the Industries and Trade Enterprises
  • To simplify the GST return filing
  • Discuss bringing-on the Aviation Turbine Fuel and natural gas under GST net

There have been many other GST council meets, but this one was in particular important because of the GST slab rate adjustments and few other compliance-related issues which will be on the cards during the discussion. Few other points why this meeting was important was because of the discussion on:

  • To reduce tax rates on close to 30 items and simplify return forms
  • To simplify compliance-related norms
  • To discuss the three-bench National GST Appellate Tribunal
  • To discuss the key issues on the e-way bill and reverse the charge mechanism
  • To talk over the sugar cess issue

GST Council

Key takeaways from the meeting:

Items that come under GST exemption

Milk
Sanitary Pads
Raw materials used in brooms
Commemorative coins circulated by the government
Saal leaves
Deities made of marble, stone, or wood

Items under 12% to 5% GST rates

Fertilizer grade phosphoric acid
Handloom Dari

Items under 18% to 5% GST rates

Footwear below 1000 INR

Items under 28% to 18% GST rates

  • Lithium-ion batteries, Bamboo Flooring, Paint, Varnishes, Putty, wooden frames for painting, photographs, mirrors
  • Food grinders, juicer, mixers, Vaccum cleaners
  • Perfumes, Cosmetics, Scents
  • Shaver’s, Hair Clippers, Hand Dryers, Toilet Spray, Hair Curlers
  • Trailers, Special Purpose Vehicle, Work Truck, Concrete Mixer
  • Storage water heaters, Watercooler, Ice cream freezer, Electric smoothing irons, Refrigerators, Washing Machines, TV (up to 68 cm i.e. 27 inches)

Certain transactions to be treated as no supply

The following transactions to be treated as no supply (no tax payable) under Schedule III:

  • Supply of goods from a place in the non-taxable territory to another place in the non-taxable territory without such goods entering into India;
  • Supply of warehoused goods to any person before clearance for home consumption;
  • Supply of goods in case of high sea sales.

Issuing credit/debit notes

Registered persons may issue consolidated credit/debit notes in respect of multiple invoices issued in a financial year.

j) The cap on the amount payable for filing the appeal

Reversal of ITC

In case the recipient fails to pay the due amount to the supplier within 180 days from the date of issue of invoice, the input tax credit availed by the recipient will be reversed, but the liability to pay interest is being done away with.

These recommendations will now be placed before the Parliament and the legislature of State and Union territories for approval and amending relevant GST Acts.

The new model proposes uploading of invoices by the supplier before 10th of next month that shall be subsequently posted in the viewing facility of the buyer by 12th of next month, who will then lock those invoices. The new returns filing model proposes single monthly return for all taxpayers except composition dealers, TDS/TCS and staggered return filing dates based on the turnover of the registered person.

Other major changes:

  • Simpler GST return filings
  • For almost 93% traders or SME’s with up to 5 crore turnover – fillings would be quarterly instead of monthly. However, tax payment would be monthly
  • Exemption limit of 10 Lac increased to 10 Lac for traders in – Sikkim, Assam, Himachal Pradesh and Arunachal Pradesh
  • Also, taxpayers who still haven’t registered under GST will be given an extension up till 31st August 2018 and any late penalty would be waived off.
  • Input credit for fabric allowed in the textile industry
  • Relief for hotel industry as the 28% GST would not apply on tariffs less than Rs. 7,500 even though the printed rates are more.

27th GST Council Meeting Updates Highlights

On 4th May 2018, Goods and Service Tax Council (GST Council) in its 27th GST Council Meeting finally approved the filling of new return based on the recommendations of the Group of Ministers on IT. Along with that it also announced a few rate changes and some structural changes in the shareholding pattern on the GSTN.

27th GST Council Meeting Latest GST Updates

The key feature of new return is as under:

  • Periodicity: Under the new regime, a single return will be filed by every taxpayer, except few like composition dealer, on monthly basis unlike multiple returns filing under the existing system. Due date of return filing will depend upon turnover. A dealer with nil transaction may file a quarterly return.
  • Under the new system, uploading of invoices will be unidirectional by the seller. Seller may upload such invoice at any time during the month and such invoice will be available to the buyer on a real-time basis. Buyer will not be required to upload purchase invoices separately. HSN of 4 digits or more will be required on all B2B invoices to achieve uniformity.
  • Simplified return: The system will automatically compute GST liability based on the uploaded sales details and it will also automatically calculate Input tax credit based on sales invoice uploaded by the supplier.
  • To control misuse of Input Tax credit, person defaulted in payment of GST will not be allowed to upload sales invoice and accordingly, no credit will be available to the buyer on purchases made from such supplier.

Transition to new GST return will be in 3 stages:

Stage-1: will be the present system of filing of GSTR-1 and GSTR 3B. GSTR-2 and GSTR-3 will continue to suspend. This stage will continue for not more than 6 months.

Stage-2: The new return will have an invoice wise sales uploading facility will be available; however, input tax credit will be available on a self-declaration basis. This phase will continue for next 6 months.

Stage-3: In this stage, credit will be automatically computed by the system based on invoices uploaded by the supplier and window for provisional credit will close.

Rates:

  • Sugar Cess implementation has been postponed. The government believes that for the benefit of the farmers there should be a better way to increase revenue.
  • Duties on Ethanol – Reduction in rate suggested.
  • A group of ministers is expected to work on above two mentioned points and make recommendations within two weeks.

De-Privatization of GST

With the government acquiring the remaining 51% equity currently held by the Non-Governmental Institutions so now the GSTN is a government-owned company. In future, the Central Government will hold 50% and State Governments the balance 50% of the stakeholding.

There is a scope for better employment as GSTN looks forward to recruiting more people

Incentives on digital payments

Incentives here may need more time to come in force. For the next council meet, A 5 member council will work. The cap of the incentive will be Rs. 100 per transaction and the proposal is to give a concession of 2% on GST rates that are more than 3% on B2C supplies.

Other points:

  • Real Estate/transfer of property will be included in the GST regime
  • Amendment of the ITC provision in the GST which will enable any business to take credit on any business-related expenses (employee transport etc.)
  • Exemptions for payments made by employees for the services received from the employers (e.g.: canteen services)
  • Some clarity is expected from the council which will be based on various adjudications on anti-profiteering norms under GST
  • Digital transactions will be increased by providing cash-backs, discounts, credits etc.

In short, the 27th GST Council meeting was a major game changer, as far as the simplified return filing process is concerned. Given the various initiatives discussed, proposed and finalized at the meeting, life for the business is surely bound to become simpler as far as GST compliance is concerned.

Latest GST Rule Updates: What Got Changed?

The nationwide goods and service tax (GST) has taken another turn in the past week. On 18th January 2018, the latest update to GST brought in an array of changes for businesses and consumers alike. The tax slabs have been revisited, along with the much-anticipated e-way bill introduction. If you are confused about the changes, read on for a clear understanding of the new updates!

GST Update 8th Jan

The primary revisions to the tax slabs are under the 5%, 12% and 18%. The updated list is as follows:

New heads under 5%:

LPG supply, all restaurants, restaurants of hotels under tariff of 7,500 INR, food parcels, transport services, tailoring services, scientific and technical instruments

New heads under 12%:

Drinking water (20l), bio-diesel, biopesticides, drip irrigation system, state-run lotteries, non-AC hotels, business class air ticket, fertilisers and work contracts

New heads under 18%:

Second-hand medium and large cars, bio-fuel powered buses, admission to theme parks, restaurants in hotels with tariff of 7,500 INR or more, telecom and IT services, branded garments and financial services, and outdoor catering

The other major updates has been the introduction of the new nationwide e-way bill system for interstate goods movement. From 1st February, 2018, interstate goods transport worth more than 50,000 INR will need to be secured by the seller through online registration. The transporter shall be required to carry a copy of the e-way bill thus generated as a proof of sale.

The positive features of the e-way bill are that these only need to be verified once, and shall be created in standard formats across all states. A seller can also issue bulk e-way bills for multiple consignments, an issue which formed much difficulty earlier. However, what many people are considering a downside is that the recipient’s acceptance is required on the e-way bill within 72 hours, making long-standing consignments an impossibility.
GST Knowledge Base: Refund Process Under GST

The e-way bill for interstate goods movement has already been rolled out on trial basis starting 16th January, 2018 to make the businesses transition smoothly, before it comes in effect starting February. The e-way bill system for intrastate goods movement is expected to get in place by 1st June, 2018 as well.

GST: A Common Man’s Guide to its Role & Impact on Everyday Life

Since its introduction, GST has brought in a variety of opinions, right from the economists and political leaders to pundits and even the common man. It has been a good five months since GST came into effect, and we even had quite a few months prior for preparation. However, the general public still does not understand GST and its tax implications across various industry sectors correctly.

This blog is conceptualized as a short guide for beginners, covering the major pain points people have, the challenges and benefits they might face, and how far will the GST impact be felt.

What is GST?

GST or Goods & Services Tax has been called one of the biggest tax reforms of the country. It has replaced all other applicable taxes, for eg., service tax, VAT, excise tax and so on, with a singular tax rate that only varies according to the industry.

Who is required to pay GST?

GST is to be paid to the government by manufacturers, sellers and service providers. It is not something that directly affects the end consumer, though it will end up getting added to the bill just as it happens currently.
GST Payment Guide

Do the GST rates vary?

GST Rates - Easy-GST

The latest update back in November 2017 has pegged the GST rates at 5%, 12%, 18% and 28%.

  • GST @ 0%: Education & Healthcare Sectors, Milk, Salt, Fresh Vegetables, Unbranded Honey & Paneer, Jaggery
  • GST @ 5%: Kerosene, Domestic LPG, Coal, Tea, Edible Vegetable Oil
  • GST @ 12%: Non-AC Restaurants, Butter, Ghee, Mobiles, Almonds, Jams & Jellies
  • GST @ 18%: Restaurants serving alcohol, Capital Goods, Industrial Intermediate Items, Computers
  • GST @ 28%: Small cars, High-end motorcycles, Consumer durables, Luxury items

How is GST going to be implemented?

A Dual GST model is currently being implemented in India. Equal percentages are collected by both, the State as well as the Center. Your usual restaurant bill would look as follows:

Amount: 1000/- INR
SGST: 9%
CGST: 9%
Net Total: 1180/- INR
There is also one more kind of GST that would only be applicable for Inter-state sales, called the IGST.

How will GST majorly impact you?

The common man would mostly end up benefitting from the new GST rates in place. The benefits would be most felt in segments such as Real Estate, Cabs, Low-tier Hotel Stays, Air Travel and Household Expenses. A small blow might be felt in other segments such as Luxury Goods & Holidays, Tobacco, Drinks and similar.

Change has never been an easy pill to take, especially in an economy as large and widespread as India. There already are anti-profiteering mechanisms built-in in the new GST regime, however it will definitely take some time for businesses to adjust the price hikes and control the economy from blowing up. Meanwhile, the law promises to bring much-needed transparency to taxation by leveling the state and center taxes, as well as by eradicating all of the other middle-level taxes which could be exploited.

The system is changing from a production-based to a consumption-based economy post introduction of GST. The long terms benefits include price falls, easy accessibility, growth of infrastructure and economy on large-scale levels, and much more!

Do let us know your viewpoints in the comments below on how GST is impacting you as a businessperson or a consumer over the past few months, and how you envision the new taxation laws to support Indian economy in the future.